APPENDIX 32 : Extracts from the Rubenfeld Synergy website:


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APPENDIX 33 : EABP Training Standards -proposed 1997, ammended and put forward for adoption 1999.

Proposed EABP Training Standards , Vienna, January 1997

Protocol: This document comes from a meeting of the EABP Training Standards Committee in Amsterdam in November 1996, the report of which was then circulated to over 125 Training Schools in Body-Psychotherapy. There was then a meeting with a number of representatives of Training Schools in Vienna in January 1997 to amend and finalise these proposals. They were put to the EABP General Assembly in May 1997 in Pamhagen to be formally adopted, but sufficient time for consideration was not available, so they were "put on the table" for two years. Since then they have been examined by The FORUM for Body-Psychotherapy TOrganisations and have been largely adopted. Some ammendments have been suggested and these have been incorporated.

Documents: The following documents were considered carefully:
1. Proposals for EAP Certificate of Completed Psychotherapy Training;
2. the Swiss Charter of Training Institutes in Psychotherapy and of Professional Associations of Psychotherapists;
3. the Austrian law on Psychotherapy (untranslated);
4. the UKCP Training Standards and
5. the work of the committees setting National Vocational Qualifications of Functional Competencies in Psychotherapy in the U.K.;
6. the current EABP Membership Criteria ;
7. the Report of the Meeting for Schools of Body-Psychotherapy in Carry-le-Rouet April 1995

Mandate: The EABP Training Standards Committee had a mandate from that last meeting in Carry-le-Rouet and the following General Assembly to produce a document from EABP which must be circulated at least 6 months before the next EABP General Assembly to all Training Schools in Body-Psychotherapy and to other interested parties for feed-back and comment and to incorporate these in some way before any final ratification at the next EABP General Assembly in Vienna & Pamhagen, Austria in May 1997. This has been done.

Considerations: We also considered proposals within EABP to provide a Membership Structure for Organisations and the findings of the Ethics Committee at their last meeting that Ethical Rules for Training Organisations need to be set.
We also considered that, within EAP, at some point all the particular methodologies (like Body-Psychotherapy) and indeed probably the particular aspects of those methodologies (e.g Bioenergetics, Biodynamic Psychology, Bodynamics, Biosynthesis etc.) need to have gone through a (as-yet-to-be-determined) process of being accepted formally by EAP and this involves (a) being well-defined and having a clear theoretical basis and (b) will all need to have been either scientifically validated (somehow) or can show that they have been recognised in several EU countries as valid by relevant professional organisations. We encourage all organisations within Body-Psychotherapy to start addressing this process as soon as possible - like now!!!
Finally we are aware that the actual process of formally recognising and accrediting an organisation as a Training School in Body-Psychotherapy needs yet to be worked out and will probably involve both EABP and possibly other people within EAP.
These Training Standards in Body-Psychotherapy are thus those felt sufficient and necessary to ensure a professional training as a European Psychotherapist specialising in Body-Psychotherapy.

EABP Body-Psychotherapy Training Standards


Proposal 1a: That entry requirements to all Body-Psychotherapy Trainings should be set at post-graduate level or the equivalent in order to comply with the SEPLIS European standards of a professional training (level 5) 1 and in line with the Strasbourg Declaration 1990 for an independent profession of psychotherapy.

Proposal 1b: That Training Schools in Body-Psychotherapy should begin to screen applicants to their psychotherapy training courses and be able to demonstrate:

(1) that the applicants all have an equivalence to an academic 1st degree in a field relevant to psychotherapy (e.g social sciences, psychology, medicine or health disciplines) or have work and life experiences that add up to a similar competency.
(2) that they have already had a reasonable personal experience of body-psychotherapy.
(3) that they have an appropriate level of emotional maturity to manage the content of the training course and subsequently a client case load.

By this it is meant that Body-Psychotherapy Training Schools may need to provide any "Ground Years" or Pre-Training Courses necessary, so that the trainee, at the start of the training, can be shown 2 to be comparable with someone with at least a first degree (in psychology or a similar academic subject) or 3 years of previous work experience in a related field.


Proposal 2a: That Training Schools in Body-Psychotherapy should make sufficient and necessary changes in their training programmes to enable their trainees to obtain the European Certificate of Psychotherapy without having to take new training modules or repeat aspects of training and, if they do not or cannot provide training for a particular module, that they should make suitable arrangements for their trainees to take this module elsewhere. (e.g. with a College or University for an academic module, or with a Clinic for a period of extended supervised clinical practice.)

Proposal 2b: That Training Schools in Body-Psychotherapy should work to make their training standards compatible with other training organisations in psychotherapy in that country and should work to get recognition from the National Umbrella Organisation (N.U.O.) for Psychotherapy in their country. Where this is currently impossible 3 , they should work with EABP and through other organisations (like EAP) to get Body-Psychotherapy recognised in that country.


Proposal 3a: That Body-Psychotherapy Training Schools be very specific as to the content of their training course and as to which modules are general and common to other psychotherapies and to other Body-Psychotherapies and which are specific to their particular approach. Also clearly stated are the amount (usually set at about 300 hours of tutor contact per annum - which does not include personal study time or personal therapy) and proportions (in hours or %) of the Training spent variously on theory, methodology & techniques in experiential work; and the requirements of written work.

Proposal 3b: Also stated should be the extent and type of personal psychotherapy expected from the trainee, which should be separate from the training and paid for separately. There should also be, at some point, some sort of "screening" for emotional maturity or as to how "successful" this personal therapy as been, prior to any certification or completion of training.


Proposal 4a: That Training Schools in Body-Psychotherapy need to conform with the general standards of professional training in psychotherapy and include a good awareness of such core components in their syllabus' (or make provisions for their trainees to have access to such modules) and teach them in relationship to any general theory of Body-Psychotherapy and also to their specific theory of Body-Psychotherapy.

These primarily include elements of Theory: background; (epistemology, anthropology, sociology, scientific theory, etc.):

general and specific theories of psychotherapy (human development; sexuality; history of psycho-therapy; purpose, possibilities and limitations; psychopathology; psychotherapeutic process etc.) and theory of practice (theory & methods of intervention; transference & counter-transference; assessment & diagnosis; indications & contra-indications; research methods; prognosis & evaluations etc.)

Proposal 4b: A General Theory of Body-Psychotherapy should be taught by all Training Organisations and should include a fundamental awareness of the EABP definition of Body-Psychotherapy; a history of Body-Psychotherapy and an awareness (or even experience of) other types of Body-Psychotherapy; a perspective on psychotherapy that includes a healing or curative approach as well as a personal developmental approach; goals of self-regularisation and empowerment for the client; and a basic awareness of how body-energy moves in and shapes the body.


Proposal 7:

(1) That a Training School must be clear about the theoretical basis that is specific to it's particular methodology in Body-Psychotherapy and where and how it differs from or is similar to other Body-Psychotherapy theories and where it is the same as or different from other training organisations with similar theoretical bases.
(2) That there should be a coherence and a cohesion of theory and practice and of philosophy and literature which is demonstrateable.
(3) That any significant variations from the norm in the balance of theory, method and practice in the training programme need to be justifiable.
(4) That there needs to have been some basic research into the validity and efficacy of this method and that this is communicated to the trainees.


Proposal 6a: That Training Schools in Body-Psychotherapy must include an experiential training component wherein the general theory and process of psychotherapy and the theory and process of Body-Psychotherapy (both general and specific to the Training School) is taught , demonstrated and practised, and that trainees are assessed throughout the training as to their competencies in all of these areas.

Proposal 6b: That, because physical contact and closeness are integral parts of Body-Psychotherapy, special competencies are required in the areas of boundaries, dynamics, limitations to contact and touch, and Training Organisations need to ensure that these competencies are achieved.

Proposal 6c: Where professional functional competencies are being set at a national level, the Training Organisations need to be aware of these and ensure that all of these are being covered by the training, both theoretically and experientially, so that the trainees, on completion, can fulfil any national criteria or assessments.


Proposal 7a: That Training Organisations ensure that their trainees obtain sufficient personal on-going psychotherapy to meet any national (N.U.O.) requirements and the EABP Membership requirements for personal experience of body-psychotherapy (group or individual) and an experience of personal body-psychotherapy similar to the method being taught. The trainees should not receive personal therapy from their Trainers.

Proposal 7b: The Training Organisation has also a responsibility to ensure that the trainees' personal psychotherapists are accredited by a professional psychotherapy association or organisation and are suitably experienced to work with trainees.


Proposal 8a: That Training Organisations ensure that the standards and processes of the assessment of their trainees meet the academic & professional criteria of their particular country's N.U.O. (usually involving a substantive piece of written work or presentation for completion) and, in addition, that there is some assessment of competency of the trainee's ability as a psychotherapist and that the principle of an external examiner (or assessor) is either directly or indirectly part of this assessment process. Records of the assessments must be kept for possible external verifications.

Proposal 8b: That Training Organisations include the minimum requirements of EABP membership in their training programme.

Proposal 8c: That Training Organisations should provide trainees with (or arrange for trainees to have access to) some training in professional competencies which include: a grounding in the ethics of psychotherapy and specific ethical issues relating to the modality of the psychotherapy; sound business practices - contracts etc.; record keeping, financial records, invoicing etc.; insurance matters; relationships with colleagues and other professions; preparation of case histories; referrals and reports; research methods and making outcome studies; etc.


Proposal 9: That the Training Organisation provides suitable opportunities, or makes arrangements with a professional accrediting organisation, so that the trainee can obtain sufficient supervised practice work as a body-psychotherapist within or outside of the training to fulfil:

(1) any national requirements for registration with the N.U.O. and
(2) the EABP minimum requirements for membership.


Proposal 10: That Training Organisations ensure that all their Trainers:

(1) fulfil any general requirements set by N.U.O.s and E.A.P., and
(2) must have had experience working as a Body-Psychotherapist (individual or group) for a minimum of 5 years, and
(3) should ideally maintain a personal practice as a Body-Psychotherapist with clients (individual or group) as well as training, and
(4) must have undertaken some form of training or preparation as a Trainer (formally or by apprenticeship) and have undergone a formal assessment as a Trainer, either by the Training Organisation or by a Professional Association, and
(5) should keep themselves familiar with developments in psychotherapy and Body-Psychotherapy, and
(6) that Training Organisations are required to assess the competency of their Trainers on a regular basis.

Proposal 11. That Training Organisations take steps to ensure that Supervisors for trainees and training therapists:

(1) have worked as an accredited psychotherapist for a minimum of 7 years, and
(2) must have had some training in supervision and been assessed as a Supervisor, either by the Training Organisation or by an outside body, and
(3) maintain an awareness of developments in psychotherapy & Body-Psychotherapy, and
(4) are assessed regularly by the Training Organisation or an outside body.


Proposal 12: That the Training Organisation ensures that its organisational back-up is coherent and professional and in line with it's stated philosophy and methods and that there has been some basic research done on the efficacy of its methods. It should also co-operate with other psychotherapy organisations.

Proposal 13: That the size of a Training Organisation in Body-Psychotherapy should not be less that 7 people, which includes regularly employed trainers and supervisors but not administrative and auxiliary staff.

Proposal 14: That the Training Organisation should be properly constituted, legally sound, have proper documentation and permission to train from governmental bodies, keep proper records and accounts, be properly insured, have an ethical code and complaints system for its trainees, use proper and appropriate premises, and do everything reasonable to ensure the welfare, safety and security of its trainees.

Proposal 15: That Training Organisations need to be aware of the social, power, class, political, ethical, racial & ethnic, sexual, environmental and spiritual implications in their training and be prepared to examine these or have these challenged by the trainees without prejudice.


Proposal 16: That there will be a period of 3 to 5 years in which Training Organisations have to meet these requirements. An assessment procedure for Training Organisations in Body-Psychotherapy by EABP will be worked out.


Training Organisations are requested to read this document very carefully. Please see these as the Training Standards that we might all think are ideal and that we might all consider as desirable for the future. They are something to be worked towards.

These proposals were put before the General Assembly of EABP to be voted on in May 97 and it was decided to "leave them on the table" to be decided upon at a later date. Which is not to say that these proposals are cast in stone. If it transpires that there need to be specific additions or amendments, these can be made by the FORUM to the EABP Training Standards Committee and can be put before a later General Assembly of EABP.


At the Vienna meeting in January 1997, it was suggested that the job of the EABP Training Standards Committee over the next couple of years might be to assist any Body-Psychotherapy Training Organisations who wished to involve themselves in understanding the implications of these Training Standards and helping to initiate the process of implementing them.

To this end the present EABP Training Standards Committee recommended that the next Committee facilitate a series of week-end seminar sessions on these Training Standards in various locations throughout Europe where a few Training Organisations can get together and discuss these Standards and how to apply them in detail. This way we can share our wisdoms and experiences in a creative way.

It was also suggested that (possibly) an Academy of Body-Psychotherapy could be set up by people interested and sufficiently skilled in this field of advanced psychotherapy training & education to provide a pool of specialised academic trainers for some of the modules that are being asked for. (e.g. 4a and 8c). Members of the Academy (initially a self-selected group) could also supply External Assessors for Training Organisations and possibly some specialised modules for Trainers and Supervisors.

The EABP Training Standards and many of these suggestions were discussed and generally accepted at the FORUM for Body Psychotherapy in Frankfurt or Vienna in April 1998. They are still "on the table" and written comments and suggestions for ammendments should be sent to the Training Standards Committee. They were also discussed briefly at the next FORUM in February 1999 in Vienna. They are due to be amended in May 1999 and re-submitted to the EABP General Assembly for adoption in September 1999.

Please ensure that your views are represented there or send in your views to the EABP Secretariat, Avenue Krieg 7, CH-1208 Geneva, Switzerland as soon as possible and/or by fax or e-mail to the General Secretary, Courtenay Young; ++44-1309-690974 or




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Page last modified 25th April 1999