#9 USABP Journal Vol. 1, No. 1
The Relative Efficacy of Various Complementary Modalities in the Lives of Patients With Chronic Pain: A Pilot Study
Pamela M. Pettinati, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D.
Abstract: The author conducted a singly-blind, randomized, clinical, controlled study of the efficacy of various complementary modalities in the lives of patients with chronic pain. The subjects (N=100) were elderly women religious who were suffering from chronic pain of more than two years' duration. The subjects were randomly divided into five test groups (N=20). Each subject received five sessions of didactic instruction (control group), of Focusing, of Reiki, of Zero Balancing, or of the Rubenfeld Synergy MethodTM. The subjects were evaluated before and at regular intervals after the interventions utilizing standardized research instruments and interviews with the researcher.
Since the investigator had noted the subjective efficacy of using the Rubenfeld Synergy MethodTM in the treatment of patients with chronic pain, she decided to do a singly-blind, randomized clinical controlled trial to discover the patients' degree of improvement with that method and also to delineate, if possible, which component of the Rubenfeld Synergy MethodTM was most closely correlated with this efficacy.
Abstract: This article reports on a retrospective investigation of the efficacy of bioenergetic therapy with adults in a private practice setting as well as on the stability of the therapeutic results achieved over time. Sixteen certified bioenergetic therapists of the Swiss Society of Bioenergetic Therapists (SGBAT), provided data on 319 former patients who had terminated their therapies after a minimum of 20 sessions 6 months to 6 years earlier. They were then sent an evaluation questionnaire to be answered anonymously; 290 of them could be reached and 149 (49%) returned it. The questions dealt with the psychic and physical condition, interpersonal and psychosomatic problems and the effect of body work on physical consciousness, cognitive insights and changes in quality of life. Statistical analysis showed significant positive changes in all areas questioned and supports the efficacy of the method. Regarding the stability of the therapeutic result, 107 (75%) patients indicated a stable or even improved condition.
#11 Therapist's Body Awareness and Strength of the Therapeutic Alliance
Abstract: This study examines a possible relationship between a therapist's body awareness and strength of the therapeutic alliance. The hypothesis of is that there will be a positive correlation between a therapist's body awareness and the strength of the alliance. The body Awareness Questionnaire (BAQ) and the Working Alliance Inventory (WAI) were the instruments used in this study. Other data were also collected, including time spent in physical activity and time spent in awareness practice. Data indicate a relationship between physical activity and strength of the therapeutic alliance, but not necessarily body awareness. Further examination of the relationship between body awareness and the strength of the alliance is discussed.
#12 USABP Journal Vol. 4, No. 2
Abstract: Preliminary results of an outcome study on routine applications of body psychotheapy in outpatient settings are reported. Out of 38 member institutions of the European Association for Body Psychotherapy (EABP) 8 are participating in this study. At 3 points of measurement (at the beginning, after 6 months, and at the end of therapy) established questionaires (e.g.Beck Anxiety INventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Symptom Check List-90-R, Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-D) were answered by patients. Patients in body-psychotherapeutic treatment (n=157) are compared to other outpatient psychotherapeutic patients with regard to socio-demographic data, level of impairment and psychopathology. After 6 months of therapy patients (N=78) have significantly improved with small to moderate intraclass effect sizes. AFter two years of treatment, large effect sizes are attained in all scales (N=21), the data base presently available for this latter result still being small.
According to the SCL-90-R, BAT reduced symptoms considerably in all three F groups. Analysis of the SCL-90-R individual symptom scales showed high to very high symptom reduction. These were not related to the F group diagnoses. Insight gained as a result of body work produced an even greater symptom reduction independent of the ICD-10 F group diagnosis. Patients receiving BAT rated their therapy favorably and judged their relationship with the therapist as very good. The efficacy of and the satisfaction with the therapy were rated high. The formulation of a therapeutic goal at the beginning of the therapy was most likely not a prerequisite for a positive outcome of the therapy. The present study confirms and complements previous efficacy studies of BAT.
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